Learning Outcomes for Child Development and Guidance

Lesson 1: How Children Develop

After completing Lesson 1, you will be able to

  • explain basic principles of children’s development;
  • describe the milestones that indicate different stages in each developmental domain;
  • explain the importance of nutrition for children’s development;
  • explain the importance of opportunity for children’s development and the lack of opportunity as a risk factor for developmental delays;
  • identify strategies for recognizing and reporting the characteristics associated with developmental delays and developmental disabilities.

Lesson 2: The Developing Child: Infants and Toddlers

After completing Lesson 2, you will be able to

  • outline the milestones and typical characteristics (behaviors and skill development) of infants and toddlers in all developmental domains;
  • describe the needs of infants and toddlers;
  • identify techniques for meeting the needs of infants and toddlers.

Lesson 3: The Developing Child: the Preschool and Transition Years

After completing Lesson 3, you will be able to

  • outline the milestones along the path of development in children between 2 ½ and 6 years of age;
  • identify typical developmental characteristics (behaviors and skill development) of children between 2 ½ and 6 years of age in all developmental domains.

Lesson 4: Positive Guidance

After completing Lesson 4, you will be able to

  • explain what is meant by positive guidance;
  • identify the goals of positive guidance;
  • explain techniques of positive guidance;
  • identify ways that adult behaviors, attitudes, and interactions can promote children’s positive social emotional development and guide positive behavior;
  • describe positive guidance strategies and opportunities for interaction that lead to young children’s healthy concept of self, self-regulation, and appropriate interaction with others.

Lesson 5: Routines, Schedules, and Transitions

After completing Lesson 5, you will be able to

  • name the elements of a typical daily schedule for early childhood programs;
  • explain why routines are important for children’s development;
  • identify strategies for developing daily routines in an early childhood program;
  • list reasons why transitions are often troublesome;
  • identify strategies for pleasant transitions that contribute to children’s development.

Lesson 6: Promoting Child Development Through Activities

After completing Lesson 6, you will be able to

  • explain what is meant by curriculum and developmentally appropriate curriculum;
  • identify guidelines for developmentally appropriate curriculum planning;
  • explain how curriculum planning relates to child development and fits within a daily schedule;
  • identify goals for young children’s development at your early childhood program;
  • list strategies for promoting development and learning by encouraging children’s active interaction with their environment;
  • choose materials, toys, and games that will support creative play and exploration and create a learning environment.

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